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When you stuggle for answers,
and are trying to cope,
Believe in your heart,
Always have Hope!
Hope takes you farther, is ready to go,
Hope holds the vision, when others say no.
Hope is the river, strong, full and deep,
Hope knows no limits, no mountain too steep,
Hope for a treatment, hope for a cure,
Believe in a miracle, holy and pure.
Hope hangs on , believes in the best,
Hope is a journey, each minute a test.
When your spirit is weakened,
and you ‘re trying to cope,
Believe in your heart,
Always have Hope.
Ro Jeanne Doege-Floyd-Mother of Jo.
From the Dana Farber Cancer Institute Boston.
CONSUMER PRICES JUMP
Consumer prices climb in June at quickest pace in 11 months, industrial production slide slows.
WASHINGTON (AP) — Consumer prices shot up in June by the largest amount in 11 months, reflecting the biggest jump in gasoline prices in nearly five years.
The big jump was seen as a temporary blip, however. Inflation is not expected to be a problem any time soon given a severe recession which is keeping a lid on wage pressures.
The Federal Reserve reported Wednesday that industrial production fell 0.4 percent in June as the recession crimped output for a wide range of manufactured goods including cars, machinery and household appliances. However, the decline was not as severe as the 1.4 percent plunge in May, a possible sign that the recession is easing its grip.
Underscoring the low threat of accelerating inflation, prices in June compared to a year ago were actually down by 1.4 percent, the biggest year-over-year decline in nearly six decades.
Core inflation, which excludes food and energy, posted a moderate 0.2 percent rise in June, slightly higher than the 0.1 percent rise that economists had expected.
The absence of an inflation threat has allowed the Federal Reserve to drive a key interest rate to a record low in an effort to fight a severe recession which is already the longest since World War II. The central bank pushed its target for the federal funds rate to near zero in December and it is expected to remain there until the nation’s unemployment rate, currently at a 26-year high of 9.5 percent, stops rising.
The 0.7 percent jump in the Consumer Price Index in June followed three months of moderation including a small 0.1 percent rise in May.
The upward surge was driven by a 7.4 percent rise in energy prices, reflecting a 17.3 percent increase in gasoline prices, the biggest one-month jump in gas prices since a 20.9 percent spurt in September 2005 after Hurricane Katrina had shut Gulf Coast refineries.
Analysts are looking for gasoline and other energy costs to retreat in coming months. Already, gasoline pump prices are down by about a dime since the start of July.
Food costs edged up a small 0.1 percent in June, held back by a big drop in the cost of dairy products.
The 0.2 percent rise in core inflation left the core inflation rate rising by a moderate 1.7 percent over the past 12 months, reflecting the downward pressure on costs coming from the prolonged recession.
For June, new car prices jumped by 0.7 percent and clothing costs were also up 0.7 percent. However, those gains ere offset by a 0.6 percent drop in airline fares. Price increases were also moderate in the health area with medical care edging up by 0.2 percent, the smallest gain in three months .*By Martin Crutsinger, AP Economics Writer
Un Ballo in Maschera (A Masked Ball), 2004, Images courtesy of the artist, James Cohan Gallery, New York, and Stephen Friedman Gallery, London.
n. – bal masqué, (fig) mascarade
v. intr. – se masquer, se faire passer pour qn, s’abriter sous un (faux nom)
Such gatherings, festivities of Carnival, were paralleled from the 15th century by increasingly elaborate allegorical Entries, pageants and triumphal processions celebrating marriages and other dynastic events of late medieval court life. Masquerade balls were extended into costumed public festivities in Italy during the 16th century Renaissance (Italian, maschera). They were generally elaborate dances held for members of the upper classes, and were particularly popular in Venice. They have been associated with the tradition of the Venetian Carnival. With the fall of the Venetian Republic at the end of the 18th century, the use and tradition of masks gradually began to decline, until they disappeared altogether.
In 1979, a group of young Venetians interested in theatre and culture had the idea of reviving the Carnival in Venice. Now the visitors that crowd Venice in the last week before the beginning of the Lent reach the figure of more than 500.000 and the traditional spirit of the Carnival pervades again the city. Identities again become confused. The division between reality and illusion, between past and present, never very clearly defined in Venice at any time, indistinguishably merge.
They became popular throughout mainland Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, sometimes with fatal results. Gustav III of Sweden was assassinated at a masquerade ball by disgruntled nobleman Jacob Johan Anckarström, an event which Eugène Scribe turned into the opera Gustave III.
Augustin EugÃ¨ne Scribe (December 24, 1791 – February 20, 1861), was a French dramatist and librettist. … Gustave III, ou Le bal masquÃ© (Gustavus III, or The Masked Ball) is an opÃ©ra historique or grand opera in five acts by Daniel Auber, with a libretto by EugÃ¨ne Scribe. …
The “Bal des Ardents” (“Burning Men’s Ball”) was intended as a Bal des sauvages (“Wild Men’s Ball”) a costumed ball (morisco). It was in celebration of the marriage of a lady-in-waiting of Charles VI of France’s queen in Paris on January 28, 1393. The King and five courtiers dressed as wildmen of the woods (woodwoses), with costumes of flax and pitch. When they came too close to a torch, the dancers caught fire. (This episode may have influenced Edgar Allan Poe‘s short story “Hop-Frog”.) Such costumed dances were a special luxury of the ducal court of Burgundy.
Woodwoses support coats of arms in the side panels of a portrait by Albrecht DÃ¼rer, 1499 (Alte Pinakothek, Munich) Grand arms of Prussia, 1873 The Woodwose or hairy wildman of the woods was the Sasquatch figure of pre-Christian Gaul, in Anglo-Saxon a Woodwoses appear in the carved… For other uses, see Flax (disambiguation). … The pitch drop experiment. … Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 â€“ October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. … Hop-Frog (originally Hop-Frog; Or, the Eight Chained Ourangoutangs) is a short story by American writer Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1849. … Coat of arms of the second Duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: ; German: ) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks; the former gave their…
John James Heidegger, a Swiss count, is credited with having introduced the Venetian fashion of a semi-public masquerade ball, to which one might subscribe, to London in the early eighteenth century, with the first being held at Haymarket Opera House. Throughout the century the dances became popular, both in England and Colonial America. Its prominence did not go unchallenged; a significant anti-masquerade movement grew alongside the balls themselves. The anti-masquerade writers (among them such notables as Henry Fielding) held that the events encouraged immorality and “foreign influence”. While they were sometimes able to persuade authorities to their views, enforcement of measures designed to end masquerades was at best desultory made. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. … Haymarket Theatre, ca. … For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American… Henry Fielding (April 22, 1707 â€“ October 8, 1754) was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich earthy humor and satirical prowess and as the author of the novel Tom Jones. …
Masquerade balls were sometimes set as a game among the guests. The masked guests were supposedly dressed so as to be unidentifiable. This would create a type of game to see if a guest could determine each others’ identities. This added a humorous effect to many masques and enabled a more enjoyable version of typical balls.
Persepolis is a 2007 animated film based on Marjane Satrapi‘s autobiographical graphic novel of the same name. The film was written and directed by Satrapi with Vincent Paronnaud. The story follows a young girl as she comes of age against the backdrop of the Iranian Revolution. The story ends with Marjane as a 22-year-old expatriate. The title is a reference to the historic city of Persepolis.
The film won the Jury Prize at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival and was released in France and Belgium on June 27. In her acceptance speech, Satrapi said “Although this film is universal, I wish to dedicate the prize to all Iranians.” The film was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.
The film was released in the United States on December 25, 2007 and in the United Kingdom on April 24 2008.
The film is black and white in the style of the original graphic novels. The “present day” scenes are shown in color, while sections of the historic narrative resemble a shadow theater show. To help with the translation of the comic to animation, art director and executive producer Marc Jousset came up with the design. The animation is credited to the Perseprod studio and was created by two specialized studios: Je Suis Bien Content and Pumpkin 3D.
The voice actors in the original French version include:
- Chiara Mastroianni as teenage and adult Marjane
- Catherine Deneuve as Mother
- Danielle Darrieux as Grandmother
- Simon Abkarian as Father
The film was released in Canada with the original French soundtrack and English subtitles; the US release was redubbed in English for some locations. Mastroianni and Deneuve reprise their roles in English, but Father is played by Sean Penn, Uncle Anouche by Iggy Pop and Grandmother by Gena Rowlands. Laurie Metcalf also has a small role as the mother of a young teenage boy.
Parisian cartoonist Marjane Satrapi first found fame as the creator of the best-selling graphic memoir Persepolis, which chronicled her experiences growing up in increasingly restrictive, post-revolution Iran in the early eighties. She’s since adapted the book into a striking, whimsically animated film that’s making waves at the New York Film Festival as we speak — and hitting theaters nationwide in December. Satrapi sat down with Vulture over screwdrivers and cigarettes at a Union Square hotel.
What was your reaction when you first saw the movie?
The first time I actually saw the finished movie was at Cannes, which is not the best place to watch your movie for the first time. I had all these anti-anxiety pills that my mother had given me, and I was just taking these pills one after the other. By the end of the projection, I almost didn’t know where I was. So I didn’t really see it, actually. I still have not seen the movie really. When I saw it at Cannes, I was close to dying. I was almost dead.
I’m glad you made it. How much similarity is there between you and the Marjane character in the film?
The moment you write a script, the story becomes kind of fictional. Character-wise, it is not very far from me, but today, I am much more like the grandmother than I am like myself in the movie. I was shy back then, I was like 20-and-something, I had stars in my eyes, and I was dumb. Stupid! I think I’m a little bit less stupid today.
What about the things that the character’s obsessed with in the movie: Bruce Lee, heavy metal, Adidas….
Oh, yes, these are for real. French fries with ketchup, and I wear Adidas sneakers and I love Bruce Lee. I have all his movies. I only watch them when I’m alone, because if my husband is nearby and I am watching kung fu, that means I will beat him up. It gets me overexcited. I took three years of karate because of Bruce Lee, you know. I was a green belt. Two years ago I went to take a kung-fu course, but I think the teacher was lousy because he wanted to teach me everything the whole day, you know, the dragon, the tiger, the whole bullshit. He put me on the ground like 100 times! So I didn’t continue.
How would you compare making movies to creating graphic novels?
Well, writing a book is a very solitary pursuit, and I am my own best friend so I enjoy this very much actually! The first six months of working on the movie, I wanted to kill the whole animation team with whom we worked. I was begging God to kill all of them one after the other, because they were in my face all the time. By the end I really loved them, but that was the end of the project. That’s the story of life — when you start enjoying people, it’s always too late.
Iggy Pop is voicing the uncle in the English-language version!
Yes, he’s playing my uncle Anoush. I chose him myself. I was in L.A., and one morning I woke up like, “Jesus! Shit! Iggy Pop has to be the uncle! It can’t be anybody else.” Because he has this deep voice, and he’s so virile, and because I love his music. It was so incredible to work with him because he was one of the sweetest people I’ve ever met in my life. He’s extremely nice, extremely gentle, and very articulate and cultivated. Plus he has that great body. I listen to his music almost every day. The music that I hate the most is R&B. Oh, shit — [sings a few unrecognizable strains]. You know, that nagging, Usher kind of stuff. Oof! That Beyoncé stuff, it gives me goose pimples. Once in a while they play it at the supermarket and I have to leave. No, no, you can not give that to me. It’s too disgusting.
There have been some negative reactions to the film in Iran. I imagine it’s not going to be shown there?
Oh, no. Of course it’s not going to be shown there. But, you know, it’s like everything else in Iran. They say something isn’t supposed to be seen, and then everybody sees it. It’s like how alcohol is forbidden, but everybody drinks. This is the way we are. As soon as we’re told not to do something, it’s all we want to do.
Having spent so much time in that kind of restrictive environment, do you ever have flashbacks when you’re going about your everyday life?
It never really occurred to me as that restrictive, in a way. You can be completely imprisoned while technically free, and you can be completely free being in jail. If you are one of those nasty Christian people like the Mormons, you know, how free are they? They are not, and they are living in a free country. All of that is in your brain. And I think I am free in my brain because I don’t give a shit about what people think and what they say. That is the beginning of your freedom. The best thing I ever did in my life was to ask, “Do I like everybody?” And the answer was no. So why should everybody like me? If people are against me, so what? I’m against them too.
B R I C
In economics, BRIC or BRICs is an acronym that refers to the fast growing developing economies of Brazil, Russia, India, and China. The acronym was first coined and prominently used by Goldman Sachs in 2001.Goldman Sachs argued that, since they are developing rapidly, by 2050 the combined economies of the BRICs could eclipse the combined economies of the current richest countries of the world.
Goldman Sachs did not argue that the BRICs would organize themselves into an economic bloc, or a formal trading association, like the European Union has done.However, there are strong indications that the “four BRIC countries have been seeking to form a “political club” or “alliance”, and thereby converting “their growing economic power into greater geopolitical clout”. One of the recent indications was from a BRIC Summit meeting in 2008, in the Russian city of Yekaterinburg between the foreign ministers of the BRIC countries. Also in his Latin America trip Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, while visiting Brazil, met with Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and agreed to visa-free travel. Medvedev has also recently made a trip to New Delhi, India to meet with Indian President Prathiba Patil and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to discuss a nuclear deal as well as agreeing to cooperate in the spheres of finance and financial security, tourism, culture and fighting drug trafficking.
BRIC é um acrônimo criado em novembro de 2001 pelo economista Jim O’Neill, do grupo Goldman Sachs, criou o termo para designar os 4 (quatro) principais países emergentes do mundo, a saber: Brasil, Rússia, Índia e China no relatório “Building Better Global Economic Brics”. Usando as últimas projeções demográficas e modelos de acumulação de capital e crescimento de produtividade, o grupo Goldman Sachs mapeou as economias dos países BRICs até 2050. Especula-se que esses países poderão se tornar a maior força na economia mundial.
Se os resultados ocorrerem como esperado em menos de 40 anos as economias BRICs juntas poderão ser maiores que as dos G6 (Estados Unidos da América, Japão, Alemanha, Reino Unido, França e Itália) em termos de dólar americano (US$).
O estudo ressalta que cada um dos quatro enfrenta desafios diferentes para manter o crescimento na faixa desejável. Por isso, existe uma boa chance de as previsões não se concretizarem, por políticas ruins, simplesmente má sorte, ou por erro nas projeções.
Mas se os BRICs chegarem pelo menos próximos das previsões, as implicações na economia mundial serão grandes. A importância relativa dos BRICs como usina de novas demandas de crescimento e poder de gasto pode mudar mais sensível e rapidamente do que se imagina a economia mundial.
De acordo com o estudo, o grupo possuirá mais de 40% da população mundial e juntos terão um PIB de mais de 85 trilhões de dólares (US$). Esses quatro países não formam um bloco político (como a União Europeia), nem uma aliança de comércio formal (como o Mercosul e ALCA) e muito menos uma aliança militar (como a OTAN), mas formam uma aliança através de vários tratados de comércio e cooperação assinados em 2002 para alavancar seus crescimentos.
Participação dos Países
The BRIC thesis
Goldman Sachs argues that the economic potential of Brazil, Russia, India, and China is such that they may become among the four most dominant economies by the year 2050. The thesis was proposed by Jim O’Neill, global economist at Goldman Sachs. These countries encompass over twenty-five percent of the world’s land coverage, forty percent of the world’s population and hold a combined GDP (PPP) of 15.435 trillion dollars. On almost every scale, they would be the largest entity on the global stage. These four countries are among the biggest and fastest growing Emerging Markets.
However, it is important to note that it is not the intent of Goldman Sachs to argue that these four countries are a political alliance (such as the European Union) or any formal trading association, like ASEAN. Nevertheless, they have taken steps to increase their political cooperation, mainly as a way of influencing the United States position on major trade accords, or, through the implicit threat of political cooperation, as a way of extracting political concessions from the United States, such as the proposed nuclear cooperation with India.
(2003) Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050
The BRIC thesis (defended in the paper Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050) recognizes that Brazil, Russia, India and China have changed their political systems to embrace global capitalism. Goldman Sachs predicts China and India, respectively, to be the dominant global suppliers of manufactured goods and services while Brazil and Russia would become similarly dominant as suppliers of raw materials. Cooperation is thus hypothesized to be a logical next step among the BRICs because Brazil and Russia together form the logical commodity suppliers to India and China. Thus, the BRICs have the potential to form a powerful economic bloc to the exclusion of the modern-day states currently of “Group of Eight” status. Brazil is dominant in soy and iron ore while Russia has enormous supplies of oil and natural gas. Goldman Sachs’ thesis thus documents how commodities, work, technology, and companies have diffused outward from the United States across the world. Following the end of the Cold War or even before, the governments comprising BRIC all initiated economic or political reforms to allow their countries to enter the world economy. In order to compete, these countries have simultaneously stressed education, foreign investment, domestic consumption, and domestic entrepreneurship. According to the study, India has the potential to grow the fastest among the four BRIC countries over the next 30 to 50 years. A major reason for this is that the decline in working age population will happen later for India and Brazil than for Russia and China.
(2004) Follow-up report
The Goldman Sachs global economics team released a follow-up report to its initial BRIC study in 2004. The report states that in BRIC nations, the number of people with an annual income over a threshold of $3,000, will double in number within three years and reach 800 million people within a decade. This predicts a massive rise in the size of the middle class in these nations. In 2025, it is calculated that the number of people in BRIC nations earning over $15,000 may reach over 200 million. This indicates that a huge pickup in demand will not be restricted to basic goods but impact higher-priced goods as well. According to the report, first China and then a decade later India will begin to dominate the world economy. Yet despite the balance of growth, swinging so decisively towards the BRIC economies, the average wealth level of individuals in the more advanced economies will continue to far outstrip the BRIC economy average. Goldman Sachs estimates that by 2025 the income per capita in the six most populous EU countries will exceed $35,000, whereas only about 500 million people in the BRIC economies will have similar income levels.
The report also highlights India‘s great inefficiency in energy use and mentions the dramatic under-representation of these economies in the global capital markets. The report also emphasizes the enormous populations that exist within the BRIC nations, which makes it relatively easy for their aggregate wealth to eclipse the G6, while per-capita income levels remain far below the norm of today’s industrialized countries. This phenomenon, too, will affect world markets as multinational corporations will attempt to take advantage of the enormous potential markets in the BRICs by producing, for example, far cheaper automobiles and other manufactured goods affordable to the consumers within the BRICs in lieu of the luxury models that currently bring the most income to automobile manufactures. India and China have already started making their presence felt in the service and manufacturing sector respectively in the global arena. Developed economies of the world have already taken a serious note of the fact.
(2007) Second Follow-up report
This report compiled by lead authors Tushar Poddar and Eva Yi gives insight into “India’s Rising Growth Potential”. It reveals updated projection figures attributed to the rising growth trends in India over the last four years. Goldman Sachs assert that “India’s influence on the world economy will be bigger and quicker than implied in our previously published BRICs research”. They noted significant areas of research and development, and expansion that is happening in the country, which will lead to the prosperity of the growing middle-class.
“India has 10 of the 30 fastest-growing urban areas in the world and, based on current trends, we estimate a massive 700 million people will move to cities by 2050. This will have significant implications for demand for urban infrastructure, real estate, and services.”
In the revised 2007 figures, based on increased and sustaining growth, more inflows into foreign direct investment, Goldman Sachs predicts that “from 2007 to 2020, India’s GDP per capita in US$ terms will quadruple”, and that the Indian economy will surpass the United States (in US$) by 2043. It states that the four nations as a group will overtake the G7 in 2032.
Os BRIC, apesar de ainda não serem as maiores economias mundiais, já exercem grande influência, o que pode ser presenciado claramente na reunião da OMC em 2005, onde os países em desenvolvimento liderados por Brasil e Índia juntaram-se a países subdesenvolvidos para impor a retirada dos subsídios governamentais na União Européia e os Estados Unidos e a redução nas tarifas de importação e comércio nos mesmos. Alavancando assim o crescimento dos “BRICs” e outros países afetados pela pobreza.
Rússia, Índia e China já são superpotências militares, ao contrário do Brasil que ainda não apresentou momentos históricos necessários para uma corrida armamentista. Todos eles estão em processo de desenvolvimento político e econômico para se adequarem aos demais países desenvolvidos.
Em 2050, os BRICs já seriam as maiores potências econômicas do mundo; ultrapassando assim a União Européia e o ainda em crescimento Estados Unidos da América. Se formado um bloco econômico, seria uma parceria perfeita para o sucesso extremo e a onipotência mundial.
O Brasil desempenharia o papel de país exportador agropecuário, tendo como principais produtos a soja e a carne bovina. Tudo isso seria necessário para alimentar mais de 40% da população mundial. A cana-de-açúcar também desempenharia papel fundamental na produção de combustíveis renováveis e ecologicamente corretos, como o álcool e a recente atração, o biodiesel. Além de fornecer matérias-primas essenciais a países em desenvolvimento, como o petróleo, o aço e o alumínio, que também são encontrados nos parceiros latinos, fortemente influenciados pelo Brasil, como Argentina, Venezuela, Paraguai, Uruguai e Bolívia, através do Mercosul. Mas talvez o mais importante papel do Brasil estaria em suas reservas naturais de água, na fauna e na flora, ímpares em todo o mundo, que em breve ocuparão o lugar do petróleo na lista de desejos dos líderes políticos de todos os países. O Brasil ficaria em 5º lugar no ranking das maiores economias do mundo em 2050.
A Rússia desempenharia papel parecido ao do Brasil, fornecendo matéria-prima e abasteceria a grande população dos BRICs com sua grande produção agropecuária devido à seu extenso território. Mas teria também como papel a exportação de mão-de-obra altamente qualificada e tecnologia de ponta herdadas da Guerra Fria. Além de todo seu poderio militar. Sem contar o fato de que a Rússia continuaria a ser uma importante fornecedora de hidrocarbonetos para o mundo.
A Índia terá a maior média de crescimento entre os BRICs e estima-se que em 2050 esteja no 3º lugar no ranking das economias mundiais, atrás apenas de China (em 1º) e EUA (em 2º). Com sua grande população, a indústria ficaria situada neste país, e também por ter grandes investimentos na profissionalização de sua população e investimentos em tecnologia, além de toda sua tradição nas ciências exatas. Com também grande poderio militar.
Estima-se que a China seja em 2050 a maior economia mundial, tendo como base seu acelerado crescimento econômico sustentado durante todo início do século XXI. Terá grande concentração de indústria devido à sua população e tecnologia. Também com grande poderio militar. A China se encontra atualmente num processo de transição do capitalismo de Estado para o capitalismo de mercado que já deverá estar completo em 2050, mas ainda não se sabe se o governo irá continuar totalitarista ou se a China irá evoluir completamente para um país democrático aos moldes ocidentais impostos pelos Estados Unidos após a Guerra Fria.
Nada se sabe ao certo sobre o futuro dos BRICs, pois todos os países estão vulneráveis a conflitos internos, governos corruptos e revoluções populares, mas se nada de anormal acontecer iremos presenciar o início de uma era totalmente diferente de tudo que já aconteceu ao decorrer da história das nações. O início de um mundo totalmente apolarizado, onde desapareceria por completo a idéia de “norte rico, sul pobre”. Onde todos os países se contrabalançariam. Juntos, os BRICs teriam um poder inigualável, comandados pelo dragão chinês. E quem sabe o início de uma revolução dos países africanos a fim de finalmente renascerem perante o mundo e o início de uma unificação mundial, a verdadeira globalização.
Finalmente, por conta da popularidade da teoria do banco Goldman Sachs, cogita-se ainda outras siglas, como BRIMC (Brasil, Rússia, Índia, México e China) e BRICS (Brasil, Rússia, Índia, China e África do Sul), incluindo México e África do Sul como nações com igual potencial de crescimento nas próximas décadas.
EMERALD NECKLACE PARTY
Adriana Sassoon, Tonya Mezrick , Sinesia
The Emerald Necklace Conservancy was created to protect, restore, maintain and promote the landscape, waterways and parkways of the Emerald Necklace park system as special places for people to visit and enjoy.
The Conservancy’s programs and funding support and complement initiatives by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, City of Boston and Town of Brookline who began the Necklace’s restoration in the 1980s.
Our programs focus on:
- parks restoration and maintenance
- public education including presentations, exhibits and publications
- constituency-building and park advocacy
- volunteer and other activities which promote parks stewardship
- improvement of public access to and through the park system, among other activities.
A public-private partnership, the Conservancy was formed in 1996 and incorporated in 1998 as a non-profit organization. Our organization brings together government, business, residential and institutional representatives, community leaders and organizations, and environmental and park advocates in support of the Olmsted legacy. President Julie Crockford and the staff work closely with the Board of Directors, the Park Overseers (representing all of the parks and friends groups within the Emerald Necklace), the Stewardship Council, and hundreds of volunteers to accomplish our mission.
Join us in the continued renewal of an historic landscape, and an environmental and cultural treasure that is:
- a place to join together in celebration
- a backyard for our children
- a special wildlife habitat
- a boost to our area’s economy
- a source of serenity and renewal
Hopeline registration with the Boston Youth Fund is closed for the year, but students ages 15 – 17 that are interested in becoming members of the Green Team can still apply through the Emerald Necklace Conservancy.
Please see the Green Team page for more information about the 2008 program.
These are paid positions. You will be expected to work 25 hours a week and attend work every day of the program unless excused. Once again you must be between the ages of 15 and 17.
Interested applicants should contact Kate England at firstname.lastname@example.org with your:
As well as a cover letter telling us about your interest in the environment and the Green Team.
Please feel free to contact Kate England at the Conservancy with any questions.
891 Centre Street
Jamaica Plain, MA 02130
*Beautiful flowers and great food. I have to confess the Police Horses took my attention. They were the Starlight of the event for me. We have to support the future of Horses, by keeping the Emerald Necklace Alive. The Emerald Necklace was created to protect, restore, maintain and promote the landscape, waterways and parkways but the most important are the Bridle Paths. Support the Emerald Necklace Conservancy and ensure that the landscape, Bridle Paths and waterways are maintained for years to come.
Too much, clutter all I could see was Hats. All together Visual Pollution. Please Ladies. “Less is more” a basic phrase.
Copyright © 2009 ADRIANA SASSOON .All Rights Reserved.
LEARN ABOUT SAILING ON THE CHARLES RIVER AT COMMUNITY BOATING INC. (CBI). Sailing on the Charles River is without a doubt one of those iconic Boston experiences and it has never been easier to get started. Join CBI . Open House to learn more about Boston’s greatest resource for sailing, windsurfing, and kayaking.
Complimentary Orientations, Rigging classes, or Shore School, and meet the staff and some of the dedicated volunteer instructors.CBI serve light refreshments. The adult full year membership cost only $240 and includes use of boats, equipment and all classes.
For the experienced dinghy sailor they have a great fleet of 420s, Lasers, and windsurfers and a full summer schedule of racing and advanced clinics.
Copyright © 2009 ADRIANA SASSOON .All Rights Reserved.
BOSTON BY BICYCLE
Boston area transit advocates are livid over the state’s attempts to weasel its way out of commitments made two decades ago to expand public transit as a requirement for building the $15 billion dollar central artery highway. Fred Salvucci, the former state transportation chief who championed the Big Dig, recently told the Boston Globe, “We always knew that this thing would create a very brief improvement and things would recongest if we did not improve public transportation.” Bicycling and pedestrian advocates, too, are disappointed that little money and attention has been allocated to their modes.
Advocates for safer road conditions for cyclists and the creation of off-road bicycle paths in Boston feel they have had limited success over the past several decades. “Bicyclists are a tiny minority of transportation mode users. We cannot rely on our numbers alone, rather on having the public and decision-makers realize that the entire community benefits when other modes of transportation receive necessary funding,” says Doug Mink, long time Boston bicycle advocate and MassBike Board member. In rethinking a strategy toward making Boston a more bicycle-friendly city, Mink believes that, “success requires proven coalitions with other groups, such as health and parks advocates, and acting opportunistically on as broad a field of issues as possible.”
Contemporary bicycle advocacy was born with the oil crisis and surge of environmentalist activity in the 1970s. Concerns were over the reliance on oil from governments we would rather not support, automobile pollution, and urban sprawl. Also touted were the positive benefits bicycling brings to health and community noting that a significant number of trips in Boston are under 5 miles. Early on, cyclists were simply fighting for their right to share the road. In 1990, an average of only $2 million out of an approximate $400 billion in Federal transportation funds were spent each year nationwide on bicycle and pedestrian projects, and only a handful of states and cities had bicycle coordinators.
Today, cycling has entered the mainstream of transportation planning concepts, at least as far as words and potential funding are concerned. After decades of highway-only federal spending, in 1990 the Federal Highway Administrator described bicycling and walking as “the forgotten modes” of transportation. For the first time, U.S. Department of Transportation adopted a national transportation policy to “increase use of bicycling, and encourage planners and engineers to accommodate bicycle and pedestrian needs in designing transportation facilities for urban and suburban areas.” 1998′s Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) allows states to apply for federal transportation dollars for a variety of modes, including biking, public transit and pedestrian facilities. By 2003, Federal spending on bicycle and pedestrian improvements reached over 400 million dollars per year. Tim Blumenthal, Executive Director of Bikes Belong, a bicycle industry group, is optimistic. “The past two years of strategic advocacy may result in the next Federal Transportation Authorization bill including twice the funding for bicycle facilities and programs,” he asserts.
At the local level, several cities such as London, Bogotá, and Chicago have emerged as visionary leaders in integrating bicycling into transportation policy, in partnership with hard-working bike advocate organizations. Chicago’s ambitious, multi-million dollar program with a staff of six has established 100 miles of new bike lanes, installed 10,000 bike racks, and will be installing 100 miles of signed bike routes in 2005. “My goal is to make the City of Chicago the most bicycle-friendly city in the U.S.” asserts Richard Daley, Mayor of Chicago. Their new Millennium Park Bicycle Station offers free indoor secure bike parking, showers, lockers, bike rentals, tours, snack bar, and repair shop. “We’re not telling people to get out of the car, but we’re trying to provide incentives and encouragement to make the city more bicycle-friendly,” says Ben Gomberg, the city’s bicycle program coordinator.
Bostonians want more opportunities to bicycle. According to a January 2005 report, part of MetroFuture: Making a Greater Boston Region, a project of the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC), support for bicycle commuting was identified in a list of most critical issue facing Metropolitan Boston today. “We found that in nearly every community, people see a need for more sidewalks and bike paths to get around safely without a car,” says Tim Reardon, a Regional Planner at MAPC. “And when people talk about dealing with the region’s transportation problems, they don’t talk about new highways and wider roads–they talk about transit, bike paths, and walkable communities.” And with its compact nature and existing greenway bike paths, Boston is ripe for increased bicycling for transportation and recreation.
Founded in 1977, the Boston Area Bicycle Coalition became a statewide advocacy group in 1993 and changed its name to MassBike in 1998. Dorie Clark, MassBike’s executive director, says they are working on state-wide issues that have an impact on local bicycling advocacy. “We are actively involved in the State Highway Manual redesign which will bring modern standards into the document, last updated in the 1960s, that guides every new and reconstructed roadway in the Commonwealth,” Clark says.
“However,” says Jeffrey Ferris, Boston bicycle shop owner and activist, “MassBike’s focus on statewide bicycle issues has left a noticeable void in organized local Boston-area bicycle advocacy.” In 2001, the Boston Transportation Department, in collaboration with the Mayor-appointed Boston Bicycle Advisory Committee, published the “Boston Bicycle Plan” as part of the city 2000-2010 transportation plan. Sadly, four years later, few of the plan’s key recommendations have been implemented. There is currently no Bicycle Program Manager and no Interdepartmental Bicycle Task Force. To its credit, the City has adopted a bicycle parking ordinance to ensure adequate bicycle parking facilities in new buildings, but without adequate enforcement provisions.
In late January, Mayor Thomas Menino convened a high-level meeting to announce his support for the upcoming Boston Bicycle Festival, planned for Sunday October 2, 2005. This suggests a “renewed effort in giving bicycling legitimacy within City government,” says Steve Miller, Festival Director. Boston City Councilor Hennigan held a public hearing in November 2004 on the importance of reinstituting a Bicycle Program Manager. A newly formed organization called the Boston Bicycle Planning Initiative (BBPI) gave a coordinated formal testimony to a packed audience at the hearing, and is spearheading follow-up advocacy in collaboration with MassBike, Bikes Not Bombs, and WalkBoston.
But what can this new bike advocacy attempt do differently to get city officials to take bicycling seriously? New York’s advocacy group Transportation Alternatives appeals to a wider car-alternative audience by working toward “better bicycling, walking and public transit, and fewer cars; safer, calmer neighborhood streets and car-free parks.” “But Bike advocates don’t win by themselves,” says Noah Budnick, Projects Director of Transportation Alternatives and Board Member of Thunderhead Alliance, a national coalition of bicycle and pedestrian advocacy organizations. “Bike advocates and parents and health professionals and park users and businesses and block associations win when they work together.”
Bikes Not Bombs helped create and is on the steering committee of “On the Move: Greater Boston Transportation Justice Coalition,” a two-year old group consisting of 50 community organizations focusing on improved transportation services in low-income neighborhoods and communities of color. The advocacy group BBPI has been pushing the message of “Complete Streets,” arguing that all road users must accommodated, including handicapped, transit users, pedestrians, bicyclists, and automobiles. “The incremental costs of bike, pedestrian, and traffic calming measures are very low when considered during routine road redesign,” says Larry Slotnick, BBPI board member.
Groundwork Somerville, a group working toward healthier, greener neighborhoods, leads the Somerville Active Living by Design Partnership. With a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Partnership supports the completion of the Somerville Community Path to Boston and sponsors urban cycling skills workshops in collaboration with MassBike. “People are more likely to be physically active if the exercise happens naturally in daily routines, for example walking up stairs or bicycling to work,” says their Executive Director Jennifer Hill. “That’s why the Partnership includes bike advocates, City planning agencies, and social service and public health agencies, to bring together the people who can make those changes happen.” With funding from the Center for Disease Control, Boston Public Health Commission’s new “Boston STEPS” program aims to reduce the burden of diabetes, asthma, and obesity for residents in seven Boston neighborhoods, and “bike advocates are urging them to develop programs to increase bicycling among their target populations,” says Mink.
BNB’s former Transportation Organizer, Mira Brown, says the challenges before bike advocates are formidable, but exciting. “We cyclists, have to get the entire community to realize that everyone benefits from improved cycling facilities, in combination with more walkable streets and better public transportation. To do this, cyclists have to listen a lot more to our natural allies – transit users and people stuck in cars they really can’t afford or don’t want. Then we have to work together in a diverse movement to force the city, state and federal governments to allocate transportation dollars wisely.”
History of Boston Area Bicycle Coalition
City of Boston Bicycle Plan
Boston Phoenix Article (May 2004) on loss of Boston’s Bicycle Program Manager
Boston Bicycle Festival
Boston Bicycle Planning Initiative (BBPI)